LATIN MNEMONICS

DIRT is an acronym used to help remember the nouns that have a locative. D is for Domus (domī = at home). I is for Īnsulae (Naxī = on Naxos). This applies to all small islands. R is for Rus (rurī = in the countryside). T is for Towns (Rōmae = in Rome). This applies to all cities and towns. The whole acronym DIRT is for Humus (humī = on the ground). That covers most of them (I don't want to say all, because there are always exceptions.)

PUFFV (pronounced PUFFY) is an acronym used to remember the verbs that take an ablative object.

UNUS NAUTA is an acronym used to help remember the adjectives with genitive -īus and dative -ī.

Uses of the ablative:
Malo: I would rather be
Malo: In an apple tree
Malo: Than a naughty boy
Malo: In adversity

Third declension gender:
Third Nouns Masculine prefer
Endings o, or, os and er,
add to which the ending es,
if its Cases have increase.

Many neuters end in er,
sileracerverberver,
tuberuber, and cadaver,
piperiter, and papaver.

Third Nouns Feminine we class
ending is, x, aus, and as,
s to consonant appended,
es in flexion unextended.


1 comment:

  1. My favorites are:

    Put the ablative with dē,
    cum and cōram, ab and ē,
    sine, tenus, prō and prae.

    Certain nouns in is we find
    to the Masculine assigned:
    amnis, axis, crīnis, collis,
    ignis, orbis, fascis, follis,
    panis, piscis, lapis, mensis
    pulvis, sanguis, unguis, ensis
    fïnis, māns end the rhyme,
    ghosts are always masculine.


    Third declension nouns ending in -ns are feminine, except for:

    Masculine are fons and mons,
    dens and cliens, torrens, pons.

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